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Webinar: The MI SAFE package

Webinar: The MI SAFE package (delivered on 20th July 2017)

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MI-SAFE is a package of services designed to help with meeting the requirements of managers and engineers who may be looking to implement nature based flood defence strategies in order to meet the challenge of reducing the cost of flood protection as well as assisting efforts towards a more wide-spread and successful restoration and conservation of coastal ecosystems. MI-SAFE includes a free viewer based on open source standards

Wetlands as large-scale nature-based solutions: Status and challenges for research, engineering and management

Citation: Thorslund, J., Jarsjo, J., Jaramillo, F., Jawitz, J.W., Manzoni, S., Basu, N.B., Chalov, S.R., Cohen, M.J., Creed, I.F., Goldenberg, R., Hylin, A., Kalantari, Z., Koussis, A.D., Lyon, S.W., Mazi, K., Mard, J., Persson, K., Pietro, J., Prieto, C., Quin, A., Van Meter, K., Destouni, G., 2017. Wetlands as large-scale nature-based solutions: Status and challenges for research, engineering and management. Ecol. Eng. 108, 489–497. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.07.012
Thorslund J., Jarsjo J., Jaramillo F., Jawitz J.W., Manzoni S., Basu N.B., Chalov S.R., Cohen M.J., Creed I.F., Goldenberg R., Hylin A., Kalantari Z., Koussis A.D., Lyon S.W., Mazi K., Mard J., Persson K., Pietro J., Prieto C., Quin A., Van Meter K., Dest
Wetlands are often considered as nature-based solutions that can provide a multitude of services of great social, economic and environmental value to humankind. Changes in land-use, water-use and climate can all impact wetland functions and services. These changes occur at scales extending well beyond the local scale of an individual wetland. However, in practical applications, engineering and management decisions usually focus on individual wetland projects and local site conditions. Here, we systematically investigate if and to what extent research has addressed the large-scale dynamics of landscape systems with multiple wetlands, hereafter referred to as wetlandscapes, which are likely to be relevant for understanding impacts of regional to global change. Although knowledge in many cases is still limited, evidence suggests that the aggregated effects of multiple wetlands in the landscape can differ considerably from the functions observed at individual wetland scales. This applies to provisioning of ecosystem services such as coastal protection, biodiversity support, groundwater level and soil moisture regulation, flood regulation and contaminant retention. We show that parallel and circular flow-paths, through which wetlands are interconnected in the landscape, may largely control such scale-function differences. We suggest ways forward for addressing the mismatch between the scales at which changes take place and the scale at which observations and implementation are currently made. These suggestions can help bridge gaps between researchers and engineers, which is critical for improving wetland function-effect predictability and management. © 2017 The Author(s)

What causal drivers influence carbon storage in Shanghai, China's urban and peri-urban forests?

Citation: Yao, X., Zhao, M., Escobedo, F.J., 2017. What causal drivers influence carbon storage in Shanghai, China’s urban and peri-urban forests? Sustain. 9. doi:10.3390/su9040577
Yao X., Zhao M., Escobedo F.J., Sustainability (Switzerland), 2017
Studies have documented many biophysical factors that are correlated with urban forest carbon storage. This urban forest function is also increasingly being promoted as a nature-based solution for cities. While urbanization affects both the structure and function of urban forest ecosystems, quantitative analyses of specific casual drivers of carbon storage in urban versus periurban forests are scarce. To address this lack of information, we used field data of random plots located along an urban to rural gradient in Shanghai, China, region-specific biomass equations, and path analysis of commonly studied urban forest socioeconomic and ecological drivers to analyze their effects on above ground tree carbon storage. An urbanization index was also developed to quantitatively differentiate urban from peri-urban sites along the transect. Results show that in both urban and peri-urban forests, percent tree and shrub cover had a significant and positive effect on tree and shrub carbon, but tree and shrub density had an even greater effect. Further, tree and shrub species diversity had no effects on carbon storage, while the effects of species composition on tree and shrub carbon in urban forests was different from those in peri-urban areas. Peri-urban forests also exhibited a significant effect of percent tree and shrub cover on tree and shrub species diversity. This approach, using a path analysis of field and plot data and site-specific dendrometric and urbanization information, can be used to quantitatively identify little explored causal dependences between drivers and ecosystem services without relying exclusively on spatial land cover data often not available in developing countries. © 2017 by the authors.

When we cannot have it all: Ecosystem services trade-offs in the context of spatial planning

Citation: Turkelboom, F., Leone, M., Jacobs, S., Kelemen, E., García-Llorente, M., Baró, F., Termansen, M., Barton, D.N., Berry, P., Stange, E., Thoonen, M., Kalóczkai, Á., Vadineanu, A., Castro, A.J., Czúcz, B., Röckmann, C., Wurbs, D., Odee, D., Preda, E., Gómez-Baggethun, E., Rusch, G.M., Pastur, G.M., Palomo, I., Dick, J., Casaer, J., van Dijk, J., Priess, J.A., Langemeyer, J., Mustajoki, J., Kopperoinen, L., Baptist, M.J., Peri, P.L., Mukhopadhyay, R., Aszalós, R., Roy, S.B., Luque, S., Rusch, V., 2018. When we cannot have it all: Ecosystem services trade-offs in the context of spatial planning. Ecosyst. Serv. 29, 566–578. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2017.10.011
Turkelboom F., Leone M., Jacobs S., Kelemen E., García-Llorente M., Baró F., Termansen M., Barton D.N., Berry P., Stange E., Thoonen M., Kalóczkai Á., Vadineanu A., Castro A.J., Czúcz B., Röckmann C., Wurbs D., Odee D., Preda E., Gómez-Baggethun E., Rusch
Spatial planning has to deal with trade-offs between various stakeholders’ wishes and needs as part of planning and management of landscapes, natural resources and/or biodiversity. To make ecosystem services (ES) trade-off research more relevant for spatial planning, we propose an analytical framework, which puts stakeholders, their land-use/management choices, their impact on ES and responses at the centre. Based on 24 cases from around the world, we used this framing to analyse the appearance and diversity of real-world ES trade-offs. They cover a wide range of trade-offs related to ecosystem use, including: land-use change, management regimes, technical versus nature-based solutions, natural resource use, and management of species. The ES trade-offs studied featured a complexity that was far greater than what is often described in the ES literature. Influential users and context setters are at the core of the trade-off decision-making, but most of the impact is felt by non-influential users. Provisioning and cultural ES were the most targeted in the studied trade-offs, but regulating ES were the most impacted. Stakeholders’ characteristics, such as influence, impact faced, and concerns can partially explain their position and response in relation to trade-offs. Based on the research findings, we formulate recommendations for spatial planning. © 2017

Workshop with Horizon 2020 SC5 programme committee representatives and Member States and Associated Countries (MS/AC) experts

Package icon nbs_policy_initiatives.zip39.56 MB

Citation: All Presentations and associated documents are included in the NbS attachment zip file.
Workshop with Horizon 2020 SC5 programme committee representatives and Member States and Associated Countries (MS/AC) experts NATURE BASED SOLUTIONS 2 June 2017 9:00-16:00 (CDMA building, SDR1-2, Rue du Champ de Mars, 21, Brussels) Purpose of the workshop - To strengthen an informal but targeted dialogue on NBS between MS/AC and Commission services. It should increase the shared awareness, understanding and ownership of and engagement in a NBS R&I Roadmap for the promotion, upscaling and mainstreaming of NBS into policies and operations at various scales. MS/AC representatives' views and inputs on the way forward in consulting on the NBS Roadmap would also be much welcomed. Participants should discuss practical solutions on how to better inform on, steer and finance nature-based solutions at and between EU and national/ regional levels. This could help answer questions such as how far initiatives at EU, national and regional levels can facilitate local implementation of NBS? It would also be a means to learn from MS/AC experiences with the decision-making, funding, set-up and implementation of NBS in their respective countries and regions. This includes identifying good examples as well as less good ones, what works and what does not, which are the enablers and which are the barriers, to progress from testing innovation into implementation, or to integrate the NBS concept into multiple sectors and scale of governance. Finally, this workshop can be an opportunity to promote networking and collaboration among MS/AC and with the Commission, including through the existing projects and platforms on NBS.

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