Article


What causal drivers influence carbon storage in Shanghai, China's urban and peri-urban forests?

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:22pm

Studies have documented many biophysical factors that are correlated with urban forest carbon storage. This urban forest function is also increasingly being promoted as a nature-based solution for cities. While urbanization affects both the structure and function of urban forest ecosystems, quantitative analyses of specific casual drivers of carbon storage in urban versus periurban forests are scarce.

Inclusive nature-based solutions for urban regeneration in a natural disaster vulnerability context: A case study of Chongqing, China

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:21pm

Currently, economic development has become a dominant factor in the promotion of urban regeneration in China. This means that decision makers often overlook the impacts on the natural environment when planning urban regeneration within a region. To properly face such challenges and others that may arise, a strategy relying on Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) can enhance the physical and ecological environment of a city, while ensuring greater resilience to natural disasters, and the use of fewer resources.

Comprehending the multiple ‘values’ of green infrastructure – Valuing nature-based solutions for urban water management from multiple perspectives

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:20pm

The valuation of urban water management practices and associated nature-based solutions (NBS) is highly contested, and is becoming increasingly important to cities seeking to increase their resilience to climate change whilst at the same time facing budgetary pressures. Different conceptions of ‘values’ exist, each being accompanied by a set of potential measures ranging from calculative practices (closely linked to established market valuation techniques) – through to holistic assessments that seek to address wider concerns of sustainability.

Aerosol pollution and its potential impacts on outdoor human thermal sensation: East Asian perspectives

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:20pm

Aerosols affect the insolation at ground and thus the Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD, a measure of aerosol pollution) plays an important role on the variation of the Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) at locations with different aerosol climatology. The aerosol effects upon PET were studied for the first time at four East Asian cities by coupling a radiative transfer model and a human thermal comfort model which were previously well evaluated.

Public health risk of mercury in China through consumption of vegetables, a modelling study

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:19pm

Sample measurement of mercury (Hg) contents is a common method for health risk assessment of Hg through vegetable consumption in China. In the present work, we undertook the first modelling study which produced consistent health-risk maps for the whole eastern China. Regional maps of Probable Daily Intake (PDI) of Total mercury (THg) and Methylmercury (MeHg) over the studied area were produced, which were important for the researchers and policy-makers to evaluate the risk and to propose mitigation measures if necessary.

Nature based solution for improving mental health and well-being in urban areas

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:18pm

The general disproportion of urban development and the socio-economical crisis in Serbia, followed by a number of acute and chronic stressors, as well as years of accumulated trauma, prevented the parallel physical, mental and social adaptation of society as a whole. These trends certainly affected the quality of mental health and well-being, particularly on the vulnerable urban population, increasing the absolute number of people with depression, stress and psychosomatic disorders.

Green spaces are not all the same for the provision of air purification and climate regulation services: The case of urban parks

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:17pm

The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas.

A distributed modelling approach to assess the use of Blue and Green Infrastructures to fulfil stormwater management requirements

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:17pm

Blue and Green Infrastructures (B&GI) are nature-based solutions considered as particularly efficient to reduce the potential impact of new and existing developments with respect to stormwater issues. In order to assess their performance at some large scales compatible with urban projects, adapted distributed rainfall-runoff models are required. The latest advancements of the Multi-Hydro platform have made possible the representation of such B&GI.

Cultivating nature-based solutions: The governance of communal urban gardens in the European Union

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:16pm

In many countries in the European Union (EU), the popularity of communal urban gardening (CUG) on allotments and community gardens is on the rise. Given the role of this practice in increasing urban resilience, most notably social resilience, municipalities in the Global North are promoting CUG as a nature-based solution (NbS). However, the mechanisms by which institutional actors can best support and facilitate CUG are understudied, which could create a gap between aspiration and reality.

Urban natural environments as nature-based solutions for improved public health – A systematic review of reviews

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:15pm

Increasing urbanisation, changing disease scenarios, and current predictions of climate change impacts require innovative strategies for providing healthy and sustainable cities, now and in the future. The recently coined concept, Nature-based solutions (NBS), is one such strategy referring to actions that are inspired by, supported by, or copied from nature, designed to address a range of environmental challenges.