Sustainable use of Matter & Energy


NbS for increasing the sustainable use of matter & energy

Green, circular, bio economy: A comparative analysis of sustainability avenues

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 10:39am
Despite their evidently different assumptions and operationalization strategies, the concepts of Circular Economy, Green Economy and Bioeconomy are joined by the common ideal to reconcile economic, environmental and social goals. The three concepts are currently mainstreamed in academia and policy making as key sustainability avenues, but a comparative analysis of such concepts is missing. The aim of this article is thus to comprehensively analyse the diversity within and between such concepts.

A two-step strategy for developing cultivated pastures in China that offer the advantages of ecosystem services

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 9:50am
Based on a site experiment on a typical steppe of Inner Mongolia, the short term effects on aboveground biomass, soil water content, soil organic carbon, and soil total nitrogen of four cultivated pastures (CPs) with different compositions of herbaceous species were examined and compared to those of adjacent, natural grassland (NG) enclosed simultaneously. All CPs produced significantly higher aboveground biomass than did the NG after two years of establishment, and the mixed culture of Agropyron cristatum (A. cristatum) and Medicago sativa (M.

“Sponge City” in China—A breakthrough of planning and flood risk management in the urban context

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 9:46am
Surface water flooding is currently viewed as the most serious water-related issue in many of the China's large cities due to rapid urbanization, land-use change and the process of rapid socio-economic development. In 2014, the People's Republic of China established the concept of the ‘Sponge City’ which will be used to tackle urban surface-water flooding and related urban water management issues, such as purification of urban runoff, attenuation of peak run-off and water conservation.

Integrated modelling of stormwater treatment systems uptake

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 9:44am
Nature-based solutions provide a variety of benefits in growing cities, ranging from stormwater treatment to amenity provision such as aesthetics. However, the decision-making process involved in the installation of such green infrastructure is not straightforward, as much uncertainty around the location, size, costs and benefits impedes systematic decision-making. We developed a model to simulate decision rules used by local municipalities to install nature-based stormwater treatment systems, namely constructed wetlands, ponds/basins and raingardens.

From End-of-Pipe to Nature Based Solutions: a Simple Statistical Tool for Maximizing the Ecosystem Services Provided by Reservoirs for Drinking Water Treatment

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 9:38am
Despite the efforts to control, protect and improve freshwater resources, eutrophication is still one of the main causes for reservoir water quality deterioration. Low-quality raw water reaching water supply treatment plants (WTP) implies an increment of chemical reagents to meet safety requirements, which may also increase the potential of disinfection by-products formation.

Collaborative Governance for Climate Change Adaptation: Mapping citizen–municipality interactions

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 9:36am
Increasing climate change impacts are a major threat to sustainable urban development, and challenge current governance structures, including actors' responsibilities for dealing with climate variability and extremes. The need for distributed risk governance and citizen engagement is increasingly recognised; however, few empirical studies systematically assess interactions between citizens and municipalities in climate risk management and adaptation.

Edible green infrastructure: An approach and review of provisioning ecosystem services and disservices in urban environments

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:48pm
Recently published green infrastructure, nature-based solutions, and ecosystem disservices (ED) literature have focused primarily on the supply of urban regulating and cultural ecosystem services (ES). Other literature on urban and peri-urban agriculture has mostly studied the role of localized, intensive agricultural practices in providing food to inhabitants.

Five decades of soil erosion research in “terroir”. The State-of-the-Art

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:46pm
Although soil erosion in vineyards is key to understanding the sustainability of agricultural management, there is not a worldwide definitive state-of-the-art review. It is accepted that soil erosion in vineyards has been more a scientific issue than an agronomic and environmental concern, and this review will point out key issues that will allow the designing of new and advanced research projects.

Cascades of green: A review of ecosystem-based adaptation in urban areas

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:41pm
Climate change impacts increase pressure on challenges to sustainability and the developmental needs of cities. Conventional, "hard" adaptation measures are often associated with high costs, inflexibility and conflicting interests related to the dense urban fabric, and ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) has emerged as a potentially cost-efficient, comprehensive, and multifunctional approach. This paper reviews and systematises research on urban EbA. We propose an analytical framework that draws on theory from ecosystem services, climate change adaptation and sustainability science.

Overcoming water challenges through nature-based solutions

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:39pm
Freshwater is a key resource and medium for various economic sectors and domestic purposes but its use is often at the expense of natural ecosystems. Water management must change to deal with urgent issues and protect aquatic ecosystems and their services, while addressing the demand for water from the competing claims for cities, agriculture, industry, energy and transport. In this paper key water challenges (shortage, pollution, aquatic ecosystems threatened) have been identified via global modelling.