Well-being in Urban Areas


NbS for improving Well-being in Urban Areas

Green spaces are not all the same for the provision of air purification and climate regulation services: The case of urban parks

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:17pm
The growing human population concentrated in urban areas lead to the increase of road traffic and artificial areas, consequently enhancing air pollution and urban heat island effects, among others. These environmental changes affect citizen's health, causing a high number of premature deaths, with considerable social and economic costs. Nature-based solutions are essential to ameliorate those impacts in urban areas.

A distributed modelling approach to assess the use of Blue and Green Infrastructures to fulfil stormwater management requirements

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:17pm
Blue and Green Infrastructures (B&GI) are nature-based solutions considered as particularly efficient to reduce the potential impact of new and existing developments with respect to stormwater issues. In order to assess their performance at some large scales compatible with urban projects, adapted distributed rainfall-runoff models are required. The latest advancements of the Multi-Hydro platform have made possible the representation of such B&GI.

Cultivating nature-based solutions: The governance of communal urban gardens in the European Union

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:16pm
In many countries in the European Union (EU), the popularity of communal urban gardening (CUG) on allotments and community gardens is on the rise. Given the role of this practice in increasing urban resilience, most notably social resilience, municipalities in the Global North are promoting CUG as a nature-based solution (NbS). However, the mechanisms by which institutional actors can best support and facilitate CUG are understudied, which could create a gap between aspiration and reality.

Urban natural environments as nature-based solutions for improved public health – A systematic review of reviews

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:15pm
Increasing urbanisation, changing disease scenarios, and current predictions of climate change impacts require innovative strategies for providing healthy and sustainable cities, now and in the future. The recently coined concept, Nature-based solutions (NBS), is one such strategy referring to actions that are inspired by, supported by, or copied from nature, designed to address a range of environmental challenges.

Resilient landscapes in Mediterranean urban areas: Understanding factors influencing forest trends

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 12:13pm
Urban and peri-urban forests are recognized as basic elements for Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), as they preserve and may increase environmental quality in urbanized contexts. For this reason, the amount of forest land per inhabitant is a pivotal efficiency indicator to be considered in the sustainable governance, land management, planning and design of metropolitan areas. The present study illustrates a multivariate analysis of per-capita forest area (PFA) in mainland Attica, the urban region surrounding Athens, Greece.

A study of walkable spaces with natural elements for urban regeneration: A focus on cases in Seoul, South Korea

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 11:28am
Environmental protection issues and the monitoring of pollution, especially for the largest cities in Asia, are becoming increasingly prominent factors for inclusive urban planning of public open spaces. Recently, a walkability concept was implemented in many cities, and in 2016 it became a campaign direction for development in Seoul. This paper considers conditions of implementation for the walkability concept, using examples of pedestrian walkway-making initiatives, and regeneration of existing walkways along water streams in urban case studies in Seoul, South Korea.

Nature-based solutions for the contemporary city/Re-naturing the city/Reflections on urban landscapes, ecosystems services and nature-based solutions in cities/Multifunctional green infrastructure and climate change adaptation: brownfield greening as an a

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 11:28am

Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 11:26am
Nature is presented as a new paradigm for ergonomics. As a discipline concerned with well-being, the importance of natural environments for wellness should be part of ergonomics knowledge and practice. This position is supported by providing a concise summary of the evidence of the value of the natural environment to well-being. Further, an emerging body of research has found relationships between well-being and a connection to nature, a concept that reveals the integrative character of human experience which can inform wider practice and epistemology in ergonomics.

Does "greening" of neotropical cities considerably mitigate carbon dioxide emissions? The case of Medellin, Colombia

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 11:24am
Cities throughout the world are advocating highly promoted tree plantings as a climate change mitigation measure. Assessing the carbon offsets associated with urban trees relative to other climate change policies is vital for sustainable development, planning, and solving environmental and socio-economic problems, but is difficult in developing countries. We estimated and assessed carbon dioxide (CO2) storage, sequestration, and emission offsets by public trees in the Medellin Metropolitan Area, Colombia, as a viable Nature-Based Solution for the Neotropics.

A framework for assessing and implementing the co-benefits of nature-based solutions in urban areas

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 20, 2018 - 11:23am
To address challenges associated with climate resilience, health and well-being in urban areas, current policy platforms are shifting their focus from ecosystem-based to nature-based solutions (NBS), broadly defined as solutions to societal challenges that are inspired and supported by nature. NBS result in the provision of co-benefits, such as the improvement of place attractiveness, of health and quality of life, and creation of green jobs.