CONFLUENCE Project: Creating a Periurban Park in Prague


Regions:
Central, Continental, Czech republic, Prague
Scale:
Ecosystems:
Rivers and lakes, meadow, Grassland, Wetlands
Goals:
Enhancing sustainable urbanization, Restoring ecosystems and their functions, Improving risk management and resilience
Nbs actions:
Urban regeneration through nature-based solutions, Nature-based solutions for improving well-being in urban areas, Multi-functional nature-based watershed management and ecosystem restoration, Nature-based solutions and the insurance value of ecosystems
Topics (Keywords):
Biodiversity, agriculture, Conservation, Direct use value, Ecosystem services, enhancing/conserving urban biodiversity, Flood risk management, Green infrastructure, Green Space, Green space management, grassland, Land management, Land use change, Landscape, Landscape design, Nature-based solutions, Participatory planning and governance, project management, Public health, river connectivity, stakeholder consultations, Sustainability, Tourism, Urban Regeneration, periurban park
Start/End date
31 August 2015
Client

Hlavní město Praha (The City of Prague)

Design Team
  • Office of Landscape and Green Infrastructure, IPR PRAHA
  • Project manager: Ing. arch. Zdeněk Ent
Awards
Area Characterisation

The main word for the project is ,,CONFLUENCE´´ because the project Soutok unites two very important rivers for the Capital City of the Czech republic, Berounka and Vltava. On the other site the confluence means also connection of residents, clubs, stakeholders and economical subjects with various interests between public and state administrations.

Prague is the largest city of the Czech Republic with approx. 1.3 millions residents. The city have a quite broad range of green and blue infrastructures. A high biodiversity, which is widely distributed in the urban tissue, concentrated mainly in the most important parks and hotspots, but connected by the presence of green corridors.

The CONFLUENCE project area is located in the urban fringe of the city in the southwest of Prague. Main part of the park area is part of administration of the Prague 12 district, Radotín, Lipence, the town of Černošice, Zbraslav and Velká Chuchle districts. The boundaries are defined by the riverine zones of the rivers Berounka and Vltava. Another line is held by small, but rich in biodiversity and biotops, the Lipanský stream.

The area is more than 1300 hectares large, full of natural and agricultural ecosystems with flood areas of great potential for recreational uses followed by revitalizations of brownfields, riverbanks and industrialized large scale agriculture.

Objectives

The objectives are create long term conditions for a metropolitan periurban park Confluence (Soutok in Czech) and introduce tools for coordinated and sustainable development of periurban landscapes.

The main aim is to create harmony in between supported natural processes, economical interests and the visitors activities. Set conditions for formation of landscapes rich on natural biotop diversity, transparent and penetrable suburban areas with alive flowing river, side by side agriculture, integrated flood protection and management, and economic and sport activities.

1. The institutionalization of park administration

  • 1.1. Investigate and introduce new suitable forms for park administration
  • 1.2. Support the platform SPOLEČNE NA SOUTOKU (Together at Confluence)
  • 1.3. Create Periurban park Confluence
  • 1.4. Create the brand of the Park
  • 1.5. Create the Management plan for the Park
  • 1.6. Ensure legal certainty for this type of Park

2. Acquisition of land-use planning documentation

  • 2.1. Complete the research of studying area
  • 2.2. Create a study of the river revitalisation and creating of new natural water bodies
  • 2.3. Create a Territorial Planning Study of the area
  • 2.4. Create Landscape Masterplan for the Park

3. Immediate improvements of the current environment

  • 3.1. Ensure coordination of other projects in the Park area
  • 3.2 Realize an immediate construction measures to support recreation in the Park area

Actions

In 2012 the Czech Republic became a partner in Interreg Periurban Parks Project which brings together 14 partners from 11 EU countries. These partners all had experience and competencies to manage periurban areas, but were at different stages with periurban parks.

In summer 2015 the local municipalities signed the Memorandum of Joint Collaboration for Development and Future Use of the Confluence Area. The platform SPOLEČNE NA SOUTOKU (Together at Confluence) was created. Local stakeholders with the project leader the Prague Institute of Planning and Development (IPR PRAHA) created catalogue of more than 30 projects and investments and small partial projects in the area, and the Ecosystem Services Conceptual Plan.

Furthermore, 2015 Resolution of the Prague City Council accepted the CONFLUENCE Project and the Memorandum.

In 2016, an International conference + workshop TOGETHER AT CONFLUENCE were held in Prague with attendance and speakers from other European Periurban parks and the EUROPARC association.

Two joined Workshops and one fall conference TOGETHER AT CONFLUENCE were organized by IPR PRAHA in 2017. The meetings were for all important stakeholders from the future park area, who together with experts and the City representatives were discussing  the future development of the Confluence Park area.

2018, IPR Praha prepared and discussed with stakeholders the Action plan for establishment of Periurban park Soutok and began discussions and preparation for a creation of a common organization, which would joined up municipalities and other key stakeholders into a legal entity with the main aim to set up a more organized body - Confluence Association.

There are frequent discussions between IPR Praha and the members of the Platform TOGETHER AT CONFLUENCE.

Potential impacts/benefitis

Establishment of such periurban park will create a great potential for better natural values, preserve and enhance diversity of local biotops and will create coordinated and sustainable administration of currently very divided landscape by various interests of local municipalities and private entities.

NBS benefits
  • Better protection and restoration of coastal ecosystems
  • Flood peak reduction
  • Increase infiltration / Water storage
  • Increasing infiltration
  • Reduce drought risk
  • Reduce flood risk
  • Reduce risk of damages from drought
  • Reduce run-off
  • Reducing temperature at meso or micro scale
  • Developing climate change mitigation
  • Carbon sequestration and storage
  • Restoring ecosystems and their functions
  • Greater ecological connectivity across urban regenerated sites
  • Improve connectivity and functionality of green and blue infrastructures
  • Increase achievements of biodiversity targets
  • Increase Biodiversity
  • Increase quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures
  • Increased cultural richness and biodiversity
  • Changing image of the urban environment
  • Creation of green jobs relating to construction & maintenance of NBS
  • Improve water quality
  • Increase accessibility to green open spaces
  • Increase amount of green open spaces for residents
  • Increase awareness of NBS solution & their effectiveness and co benefits
  • Increase communities’ sense of ownership
  • Increase population & infrastructures protected by NBS
  • Increase social interaction
  • Increase stakeholder awareness & knowledge about NBS
  • Increase well-being
  • Increase willingness to invest in NBS
  • Provision of health benefits
  • Social inclusion
  • Social learning about location & importance of NBS
Transferability of the Results

The project is innovative in most of ways in the Czech planning practise, but the most important is how the project aim on coming closer to find balance between various interests in one area and positive connection between rural and urban inhabitants and private entities in the area. New methodological approaches applied in the project show strengths and weaknesses of the whole project area and its stakeholders. The project also tests these new methods and approaches that can be use in other places in Prague and elsewhere in the future. The participatory nature of the project also introduces the concept on nature based solutions to variety of local and regional actors and shows their possibilities and potentials for revitalization of the periurban landscape and mitigation of impacts of the climate change.

Lessons learned

  • cooperation and collaboration between various actors and entities in a periurban landscape
  • importance of frequent periodic discussions, open talks and presentations to the stakeholders in the area of interest
  • importance of connection with residents and public relations
  • transparent and open approach to locals residents and stakeholders
  • systematic identification of problems in the area of importance
  • revitalization of brownfields for meaningful and public uses
  • inclusion of valuable biotop areas into the landscape planning
  • creative and simple ideas are easy and quick to implement and increase the acceptance of the project
  • importance of finding harmony, interplay and balance natural solutions for the periurban landscape

Publications & Reports

Various case studies were published from 2015 to the present. Such as Stakeholder and Landowners Analysis, Spatial Analyses, Socioeconomic study, Analysis of Projects and Intention of Local Stakeholders with spatial and database representation, Legal analysis of possible types of the periurban park administration, Review of Hydrogeological Conditions of the River Basin, Preliminary Biological and Ecosystem Analysis.

  • 2018 Projekt Soutok analytické podklady (Project Soutok analytical materials) http://www.iprpraha.cz/uploads/assets/dokumenty/analyticke_podklady_soutok_2018.pdf
  • 2018 Akční plán pro založení příměstského parku SOUTOK (Action plan for peri urban park establishment SOUTOK)
  • 2018 Analýza ekosystémových služeb v oblasti budoucího příměstského parku Soutok (Ecosystem service analysis in future areas of Periurban park Soutok)
Financing

  • Hlavní město Praha (The City of Prague)

Organisations
  • The Capital City of Prague
  • Prague districts: Radotín, Zbraslav, Velká Chechule, Lipence, Praha 12
  • The Town of Černošice
  • Residential owners and landowners
  • Prague City Administration and Authority
  • Prague Institute of Planning and Development (IPR Praha)
  • Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic
  • Vltava Watershed Authority
Contacts

Project Manager:

Ing. arch. Zdeněk Ent

T: +420 236 004 598

Email: ent@ipr.praha.eu

               soutokinfo@ipr.praha.eu

Website: http://www.iprpraha.cz/soutok

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