Risk Management and Resilience

This domain will initiate and sustain dialogue among the various stakeholders (private and public sector, architects, practitioners, policy maker), on nature-based solutions in the context of risk management and resilience of NBS. The dialogue will address methods for combining NBS for risk management in various levels such as reduction of pollution, carbon storage, preservation of biodiversity, recreational activities, and economic opportunities. Synergies in reducing multiple risks in regional level and influence of local level risk management on regional and EU level as well as alternatives on how to leverage funds for long term benefits and to ensure massive involvement of politicians and private companies in the implementation and funding of such solutions will be examined. Ecosystem-based solutions as an innovative way for risk management which combines different scales and planning perspectives will be considered.

Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: concept, scalability and a role for conservation science

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:50pm

Societal adaptation to climate change requires measures that simultaneously reduce poverty, protect or restore biodiversity and ecosystem services, and remove atmospheric greenhouse gases. Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change is the type of adaptation that aims to combine these outcomes and is particularly relevant to developing nations that safeguard most of the planetary biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. Although conceptually new, ecosystem-based adaptation is fastly gaining traction both as a research arena and as an integrated policy instrument.

Five decades of soil erosion research in “terroir”. The State-of-the-Art

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:46pm

Although soil erosion in vineyards is key to understanding the sustainability of agricultural management, there is not a worldwide definitive state-of-the-art review. It is accepted that soil erosion in vineyards has been more a scientific issue than an agronomic and environmental concern, and this review will point out key issues that will allow the designing of new and advanced research projects.

Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:43pm

Strong decreases in greenhouse gas emissions are required to meet the reduction trajectory resolved within the 2015 Paris Agreement. However, even these decreases will not avert serious stress and damage to life on Earth, and additional steps are needed to boost the resilience of ecosystems, safeguard their wildlife, and protect their capacity to supply vital goods and services.

Betting against Human Ingenuity: The Perils of the Economic Valuation of Nature's Services

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:33pm

At the turn of the twentieth century, economic ornithologists focused on the monetary value of services provided by birds in order to fit nature conservation into the dominant economic paradigm. Pest control was of key interest because of its political importance and because it was relatively easy to quantify and monetize. However, this particular service became obsolete when a human-made solution was introduced that performed the same service - seemingly more cost effectively and reliably - undermining the political standing of economic ornithology.

The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:25pm

The rehabilitation and restoration of land is a key strategy to recover services -goods and resources- ecosystems offer to the humankind. This paper reviews key examples to understand the superior effect of nature based solutions to enhance the sustainability of catchment systems by promoting desirable soil and landscape functions. The use of concepts such as connectivity and the theory of system thinking framework allowed to review coastal and river management as a guide to evaluate other strategies to achieve sustainability. In land management NBSs are not mainstream management.

Nature-based solutions: New influence for environmental management and research in Europe

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:19pm

Greening roofs or walls to cool down city areas during summer, to capture storm water, to abate pollution, and to increase human well-being while enhancing biodiversity: nature-based solutions (NBS) refer to the sustainable management and use of nature for tackling societal challenges. Building on and complementing traditional biodiversity conservation and management strategies, NBS integrate science, policy, and practice and create biodiversity benefits in terms of diverse, well-managed ecosystems.

Linking social, ecological, and physical science to advance natural and nature-based protection for coastal communities

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:15pm

Interest in the role that ecosystems play in reducing the impacts of coastal hazards has grown dramatically. Yet the magnitude and nature of their effects are highly context dependent, making it difficult to know under what conditions coastal habitats, such as saltmarshes, reefs, and forests, are likely to be effective for saving lives and protecting property. We operationalize the concept of natural and nature-based solutions for coastal protection by adopting an ecosystem services framework that propagates the outcome of a management action through ecosystems to societal benefits.

Managing wetlands for disaster risk reduction: A case study of the eastern Free State, South Africa

Submitted by Stavros Stagakis on June 19, 2018 - 6:00pm

This article investigated the knowledge and practice of a nature-based solution to reduce disaster risks of drought, veld fires and floods using wetlands in the eastern Free State, South Africa. A mixed research method approach was used to collect primary data using three data collection tools, namely questionnaires, interviews and field observations. Ninety-five wetlands under communal and private ownership as well as a few in protected areas were sampled, with their users completing questionnaires.