NbS Knowledge Hub


Knowledge Repository

A Hub for online resources on NbS state-of-the-art practise.

Latest entries

  1. Multiple benefits of Nature-based Solutions, N. Kabisch - ThinkNature Webinar 1
    Video/Webinar Resource: Webinar,

    This recording concerns the third presentation about multiple benefits of NBS, presented by Nadja Kabisch during the first ThinkNature webinar at 17/1/2019 about "NBS: Concept, Practices and...

    Submitted on January 24, 2019 - 5:58pm

  2. Τypologies and classification of NBS practices, N. Nikolaidis - ThinkNature Webinar 1
    Video/Webinar Resource: Webinar,

    This recording concerns the second presentation about typologies and classification of NBS practices, presented by Nikolaos Nikolaidis during the first ThinkNature webinar at 17/1/2019 about...

    Submitted on January 24, 2019 - 5:55pm

  3. The Nature-based Solutions framework, E. Cohen-Shacham - ThinkNature Webinar 1
    Video/Webinar Resource: Webinar,

    This recording concerns the first presentation about defining the framework of NBS, presented by Emmanuelle Cohen-Shacham during the first ThinkNature webinar at 17/1/2019 about "NBS:...

    Submitted on January 24, 2019 - 5:51pm

  4. Multiple benefits of Nature-based Solutions - ThinkNature Webinar 1
    NbS Resource Document: Presentation,
    This document concerns the third presentation about multiple benefits of NBS, presented by Nadja Kabisch during the first ThinkNature webinar about "NBS: Concept, Practices and Benefits"....
    Submitted on January 23, 2019 - 12:37pm

  5. Τypologies and classification of NBS practices - ThinkNature Webinar 1
    NbS Resource Document: Presentation,
    This document concerns the second presentation about typologies and classification of NBS practices, presented by Nikolaos Nikolaidis during the first ThinkNature webinar about "NBS: Concept,...
    Submitted on January 23, 2019 - 12:35pm

NBS Latest Documents

Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 6:06pm
There is extensive experience in adaptive management of exposed sandy coastlines through sand nourishment for coastal protection. However, in complex estuarine systems, coastlines are often shortened through damming estuaries to achieve desired safety levels. The Dutch Deltaworks illustrate that this approach disrupts natural sediment fluxes and harms ecosystem health, which negatively affects derived ecosystem services, such as freshwater availability and mussel and oyster farming. This heavily impacts local communities and thus requires additional maintenance and management efforts.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 6:05pm
Coastal lowlands are increasingly exposed to flood risks from sea-level rise and extreme weather events (1). Megacities like Shanghai, London, New York, and Bangkok that lie in vast river deltas are particularly vulnerable. Dramatic flood disasters include the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004, Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in 2005, Hurricane Sandy in New York in 2012, and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines in 2013.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 6:03pm
Ecosystems are not merely vulnerable to climate change but, if sustainably restored and protected, are a major source of human resilience. Not only is the science evidence-base for this perspective growing rapidly, but ecosystems are featuring with increasing prominence in global climate change policy.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 6:02pm
There is growing recognition that naturebased (or ‘green’) solutions - i.e. the restoration or rehabilitation and protection of natural habitats - when applied strategically and equitably can not only safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem services but also help people adapt to climate change [1,2]. The type of NbS targeted at helping people adapt to the impacts and hazards of climate change is widely referred to as “Ecosystem-based Adaptation” (EbA).
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 6:01pm
Changes in global climate are increasingly having adverse impacts on human populations and natural systems. This has resulted in increased efforts to come up with options that can mitigate the impacts, as well as help to adapt to already occurring changes. Ecosystem based adaptation is used by a number of organisations and in many developed and developing countries as a means for climate adaptation, especially at the community level. It is also applied for disaster risk reduction.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:59pm
This booklet sets out guidance for assessing the effectiveness of an ecosystem-based approach to climate change adaptation.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:56pm
The idea of ‘nature-based solutions’ (NBS) is now being used to reframe policy debates on biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies, and the sustainable use of natural resources, among other issues. While interesting and potentially useful for those debates, it is a concept that still needs to be clearly defined; its use is not confined to discussions about ecosystem services and natural capital.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:51pm
The presented study aimed at identifying and assessing public preferences for variations in tree species composition, tree height structure, and presence of dead trees left for natural decay—forest characteristics which are likely to be affected when subjecting stands to nature-based forest management in the temperate, nemoral deciduous zone. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire and by applying choice experiments to elicit people's willingness to pay (WTP).
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:50pm
In this paper, we reflect on the implications for science, policy and practice of the recently introduced concept of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), with a focus on the European context. First, we analyse NBS in relation to similar concepts, and reflect on its relationship to sustainability as an overarching framework. From this, we derive a set of questions to be addressed and propose a general framework for how these might be addressed in NBS projects by funders, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:46pm
"There is great interest in the restoration and conservation of coastal habitats for protection from flooding and erosion. This is evidenced by the growing number of analyses and reviews of the effectiveness of habitats as natural defences and increasing funding worldwide for nature-based defences–i.e. restoration projects aimed at coastal protection; yet, there is no synthetic information on what kinds of projects are effective and cost effective for this purpose.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:43pm
The decision to transform “classical” age-class forests (plantation forestry) into more nature-based forest stand structures implied a paradigmatic shift in the Danish state owned forests and their management. In order to facilitate this process of change, scientists were employed by the Danish Forest and Nature Agency which enabled interactions with the professionals in the forest over a nearly 2-year period.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:35pm
Many national and international environmental agreements acknowledge that the impoverishment of ecosystems is limiting the world’s capacity to adapt to climate change and that ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches should be harnessed as a priority. EbA has the potential to increase adaptive capacity and social and ecological resilience to climate change in both developed and developing countries.
Updated date: November 19, 2018 - 5:30pm
Many of the world’s vital natural ecosystems, and the communities reliant on them, are vulnerable to climate change. But there is increasing recognition that ecosystems — if sustainably restored and protected — can also form a strong line of defence against the direct impacts of climate change and support human adaptation over the long term. As the evidence base grows, ecosystems are increasingly prominent in climate change policy, especially in developing nations. Yet intentions rarely translate into robust and informed measurable targets, undermining action.
Updated date: September 12, 2018 - 3:30pm
Nature-based solutions (NBS) aim to help societies to address a variety of environmental, social and economic challenges in sustainable ways. They are actions which are inspired by and supported by nature. Some involve using and enhancing existing natural solutions to challenges, while others are exploring more novel solutions, for example, based on how non-human organisms and communities cope with environmental extremes.
Updated date: September 10, 2018 - 10:04am
This Report provides a description of the procedure and the outcomes of the work performed within the domain of NBS Impact Evaluation Framework.

NbS Videos

  1. The URBES project wins the BiodivERsA Prize for Excellence and Impact
    Uploaded: October 22, 2018 - 1:59pm


  2. Mangroves : Reducing the Risk of Disaster through Nature-Based Solutions
    Uploaded: June 19, 2018 - 1:42pm


  3. Earth Observation to support Nature Based Solutions - The FAST Project Documentary
    Uploaded: June 19, 2018 - 1:46pm


  4. URBES Barcelona - Embracing the Vision of a Greener Future
    Uploaded: June 19, 2018 - 1:50pm


  5. Corporate Clip Room for the River english
    Uploaded: June 19, 2018 - 1:58pm